Area and former area residents have been indicted for allegedly engaging in a fraudulent billing and kickback scheme in connection with the development of commercial property in Bolingbrook.
The principal owner and six top executives and employees of Krahl Construction, a former general contractor, together with two former employees of client companies, are the defendants. They allegedly caused losses of $9 million and $400,000 respectively to the two client companies, while the former employees of those firms allegedly received kickbacks valued at $645,000 and $119,500, respectively. All nine defendants were charged together in a 16-count indictment returned Nov. 10 by a federal grand jury, announced Patrick J. Fitzgerald, United States Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, and Robert D. Grant, special agent in charge of the Chicago office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Krahl Construction, which specialized in interior construction, closed its Chicago office in January 2010 after FBI agents executed a federal search warrant. The company also had an office in Denver.
The indictment alleges that between 2005 and 2009, certain defendants fraudulently inflated the cost of renovation projects performed by Krahl and caused the creation of false documents to support the inflated costs, resulting in overbilling at least $15 million to Company A, which suffered actual losses of at least $9 million, and losses of approximately $400,000 to Company B. At the same time, the two clients’ employees secretly used their positions to solicit and accept bribe/kickback payments and home improvements in exchange for favorable action to help Krahl obtain contracts with those companies, the indictment charges.
Company A is identified as a San Francisco-based real estate investment trust that hired Krahl to renovate portions of an eight-story building at 350 E. Cermak, Chicago. Company B is identified as a property management firm located on Michigan Avenue in Chicago, that hired Krahl to develop commercial property in Bolingbrook known as the Tallgrass project.
Defendant John Paderta, 52, of Fontana, WI, and formerly of Burr Ridge, the president of Krahl who owned approximately 85 percent of the company, was charged with one count of mail fraud. Other current or former area residents indicted are:
- Thaddeus Stepniewski, 50, of Lisle and formerly of Lombard, Krahl’s chief financial officer, who was charged with 15 counts of mail and wire fraud;
- Scott Mousel, 48, of New Orleans and formerly of Lisle, a Krahl project manager for two portions of the Cermak project, who was charged with five counts of mail fraud;
- Erin Scott, 36, of Clarendon Hills, also a Krahl project manager assistant on the Cermak project, who was charged with four counts of mail fraud; and
- Scott Solano, 40, of Burr Ridge, property manager for the Cermak building, first as an employee of Company C, which managed the building for Company A, and then, beginning in April 2009, as an employee of Company A, who was charged with one count of mail fraud.
Each defendant will be arraigned at a later date in U.S. District Court.
The indictment also seeks forfeiture from Paderta, Stepniewski and another employee of at least $9 million. Separately, it seeks forfeiture of approximately $645,000 from Solano, and approximately $119,500 from another employee, representing the value of the bribes/kickbacks they each allegedly received.
The indictment alleges that certain defendants engaged in aspects of the scheme as follows:
- Budgets: during the budgeting phase of the Cermak projects, Paderta, Stepniewski, Mousel, Solano and others fraudulently identified and included fictitious costs to be added to the project budgets to generate additional profits for Krahl;
- Spreadsheets: Paderta, Stepniewski, Mousel and others created financial spreadsheets to keep track of the fraud, identifying the actual amounts owed to subcontractors along with the inflated amounts that were billed by Krahl. Stepniewski reviewed those spreadsheets on a regular basis, and he and others manually input the inflated amounts into the accounting records;
- Sham companies: Paderta instructed Stepniewski to set up sham companies that could be used to fraudulently obtain payment from customers, and Stepniewski arranged for those companies to be incorporated, knowing that they would be shell corporations used for fraudulent billing purposes;
- Creation of false documents: Paderta, Stepniewski, Mousel and others created documents containing false information to support the inflated prices being charged by Krahl. Those documents included fraudulent invoices, change orders, lien waivers, applications and certifications for payment, and numerous documents from the sham companies. Certain documents were created by cutting and pasting information and signatures. Some documents contained forged signatures and falsely notarized signatures. Krahl maintained two sets of files; one containing legitimate documents, and the other containing false and fraudulent documents;
- Inflated amounts: Paderta decided on the inflated amounts that should be added to certain invoices, and he gave Mousel and others that information. Stepniewski and others created new documents using inflated charges
- Inflated bids: Paderta, Stepniewski, Mousel and others inflated bids to support the overstated invoices that were submitted for payment. They also inflated bids in order to make it appear that certain sham companies had submitted lower bids, which justified awarding the work to the sham companies.
- False documents to Company A: Paderta, Stepniewski, Mousel, Solano and others caused false and fraudulent invoices to be submitted to Company A, as well as other false documents, resulting in over-billing of at least approximately $15 million. Paderta, Stepniewski and one other employee received substantial salary and bonus payments as a result of the overstated charges paid by Company A to Krahl;
- Company A’s request: in December 2009, in response to Company A’s request for documents pertaining to the Cermak projects, Paderta, Stepniewski, Mousel and others provided to Company A copies of numerous false and fraudulent documents, which had previously been submitted to Company A, showing inflated and fictitious costs, knowing that they were false and fraudulent; and
- Company B: Paderta, Stepniewski, Mousel and others submitted false and fraudulent documents to Company B, including invoices, payment applications, and lien waivers, falsely representing that at least three of the sham companies—Harvey Glass, Everygreene Electric, and Great Lakes Illinois Supply—had provided services and materials. In fact, Paderta, Stepniewski and one other employee knew that those sham companies had not provided such services or materials.
Regarding bribes and kickbacks, the indictment alleges that Solano solicited and accepted kickbacks from Krahl, including payments totaling approximately $520,000 and renovations on Solano’s home totaling approximately $125,000. The renovations included work on the basement, general repairs, new windows, and installation of a generator and new televisions. In exchange for the kickbacks, Solano promised to, and did, take favorable action on behalf of Krahl as requested and as opportunities arose, including helping Krahl obtain contracts from Company A, while Solano was employed at Company A and elsewhere.
Scannell allegedly solicited and accepted kickbacks from Krahl, including payments totaling approximately $100,000, as well as renovations on his home totaling approximately $19,500. In exchange for the kickbacks. The government is being represented by Assistant U.S. Attorneys Stephen Heinze, Jacqueline Stern and John Kness.
Each count of mail and wire fraud carries a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison and a $250,000 fine, or a fine totaling twice the loss to any victim or twice the gain to the defendant, whichever is greater. If convicted, the Court must impose a reasonable sentence under federal sentencing statutes and the advisory United States Sentencing Guidelines.
An indictment contains only charges and is not evidence of guilt. The defendants are presumed innocent and are entitled to a fair trial at which the government has the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.